The AAP Steps Up

The AAP makes a direct ask of HHS for a significant distribution of funds directly and specifically to pediatricians.

April 16, 2020
The Honorable Alex M Azar II
US Department of Health and Human Services
200 Independence Avenue SW
Washington, DC 20201

Dear Secretary Azar,

On behalf of the American Academy of Pediatrics, I would like to thank you and the entire Health and Human Services(HHS) staff for your tireless work during the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic. Ensuring that the health care system can maintain essential services and nimbly adapt to shifting needs will be imperative during and following the public health emergency. This is critical to the health of children today and into the future. General pediatricians, pediatricmedicalsubspecialists and pediatric surgical specialists must be able to continue providing health supervision visits and acute and chronic care visitswherever possible. From vaccinating children to prevent a secondary outbreak of an infectious disease like measles to screening children for child abuse, it is absolutely essential for the future health and safety of the country that pediatricians have the financial support to continue seeing children throughout this pandemic. As such,we urge you to deliver immediate, direct financial relief paymentsto pediatricians, including pediatric medical subspecialists and pediatric surgical specialists, much like what has been provided for physicians who participate in Medicare.

We appreciate that the Trump Administration has acknowledged the important role of pediatricians in keeping children healthy, and the corresponding need to deliver financial relief to pediatricians in short order.i Pediatricians are facing severe financial challenges and confronting drastic choices in light of the COVID-19 pandemic. Practice managers around the country report that their case loads are as low as 20-30 percent of their practices’typical case loads due to social distancing, shelter-in-place, and families delaying or forgoing care. At the same time, pediatricians are facing higher costs including personal protective equipment and workforce training as they transform their practice to meet the needs of their patients and families. Pediatricians are offering telehealth care, organizing office visits into well-care and sick-care blocks, and instituting infection control measures ranging from removing seats and toys in the waiting room to conducting drive-through testing and vaccinations. The dramatic drop in revenue compounded with higher costs is forcing practicesto confront furloughs and layoffs, cancel vaccine orders, and in many cases, consider permanent closure.

Delaying or forgoing care can have serious ramifications for children’s health. Children who cannot access vaccinations are left vulnerable to infectious diseases like measles and whooping cough and worse, would make their communities more vulnerable to another outbreak at the same time COVID-19 is threatening the lives of families. A child who cannot access well-child care may not have a developmental delay identified in a timely way, missing the opportunity to receive services that positively impact outcomes across developmental domains, including 2 health, language and communication, cognitive development and social/emotional development.ii Children with special health care needs must have continued access to their pediatricmedical subspecialists and pediatricsurgical specialists or risk medical crises and worse health outcomes. Children and families who cannot access in-person or telehealth care from their pediatrician may miss important screening, referrals, and treatment for mental and behavioral health issues, including anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation. These services cannot safely wait until the COVID-19 pandemic is over.

If pediatric practices close, children and families will lose access to this critical and time-sensitive care. Communities will be more vulnerable to outbreaks of infectious disease without the critical infrastructure for childhood vaccinesthat pediatricians provide. HHS must act immediately to deliver financial relief to pediatricians.

We strongly urge you to immediately distribute grants from the Public Health and Social Services Emergency Fund to pediatricians. We recommend that for the sake of simplicity and expediency, HHS immediately disburse two months of average practice expensesto each active pediatrician in the US. Specifically, we recommend that HHS use the average compensation of pediatricians, multiplied by 2.6 to account for practice operating expenses. iiiHHS should provide two months of average practice expenses to account for the severely reduced case load in March and April 2020. Pediatricians have not been able to access financial relief policies issued by HHS because of the focus on Medicare: they have not been eligible for grants linked to Medicare feefor-service claims, they have not been eligible for Medicare advanced or accelerated payments, they have not been able to access increased Medicare payments forcare related to COVID-19, and they have not had the benefit of rapid, uniform changesto telehealth coverage and payment policies. While immediate grants as we recommendwill provide urgently needed security allowing pediatricians to keep practices open, pay staff, and procure needed supplies, additional financial support will be needed asthe public health emergency continues. HHS should use the National Provider Identifier (NPI) registry and taxonomy to identify pediatricians eligible for these funds(ie, taxonomy codes 208000000X for general pediatricians and appropriate codes for pediatric medical subspecialists and pediatric surgical specialists, such as 207NP0225X for pediatric dermatologists and 2086S0120X for pediatric surgeons).iv If a direct deposit is not available, HHS should mail a check for this amount to the mailing address associated with the NPI. These funds should mirror the funds distributed to Medicare fee-for-service providers and the only requirements should be to attest to receipt of funding, and that the recipient provides or provided patient care after January 31, 2020; is not
currently terminated from participation in Medicare; is not currently excluded from participation in Medicare, Medicaid, and other Federal health care programs; and does not currently have Medicare billing privileges revoked.

Pediatricians urgently need financial relief to continue to meet the time-sensitive needs of children and their families. If you choose to establish a different approach or methodology to allocate funds from the Public Health and Social Services Emergency Fund such as funds based on historical Medicaid claims, we ask that your approach follow these guiding principles:

• Funds should be allocated and delivered immediately with as few barriers as possible, such as through direct deposit and as a grant, not a loan. Implementing an application process or relying on states to further allocate and distribute relief risks the funds not getting to pediatricians in a timelyway and fails to meet pediatricians’ immediate needs. Giving states flexibility to decide howto distribute these additional funds among non-Medicare providers is not an acceptable replacement for direct funding to pediatricians.

• Similarly, requiring cumbersome accounting or reporting by pediatricians beyond what was required of physicians who bill Medicare unfairly discriminates against non-Medicare providers and would set a dangerous precedent.

• Funds should be allocated as needed to provide adequate support, not capped in advance. Establishing a grant block that providers can access until it runs short will leave many in dire situations. It also risks creating a scenario where providers must compete with one another for a capped amount of funding. Pitting pediatricians against nursing homes, for example, disadvantages both.

• All pediatricians regardless of Medicaid participation or payer mix should be included in the funding allocation. If HHS uses a methodology based on Medicaid claims, establish a minimum payment not less than an appropriate floor, such as the 25th percentile of the amount to be distributed to physicians.

• If NPIs are not used to identify eligible pediatricians, we recommend that HHS partnerwith other national payers as needed to ensure pediatricians who do not participate in Medicare or Medicaid are identified and included.

• The funding requirements should mirror the criteria set for the $30b issued to Medicare fee-for-service providers and should not be limited to certain allowable expenses.

More than 35 million children rely on Medicaid and CHIP for access to affordable, comprehensive health care. These are critically important programssupporting children’s health and wellbeing, and most pediatricians participate in the programs. However, at this time of crisis, we urge you to take swift action to protect pediatric practices from closing regardless of Medicaid and CHIP participation. We look forward to future opportunities to collaborate with you to support and enhance Medicaid and CHIP in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and the economic downturn, such as advanced payments or retainer payments to Medicaid providers. We will share additional information with you soon about recommendations for how HHS can facilitate and allow state innovation that will support Medicaid programs retaining providersso that during and after the public health emergency, patients will have sufficient access to care. In addition, we will ask Congress to provide additional funding and opportunities to strengthen the Medicaid and CHIP programssuch as increased FMAP andMedicaid payment parity with Medicare in upcoming relief packages.

We appreciate your attention and immediate action to shore up the crucial pediatric infrastructure supporting the health and wellbeing of children and families across the country. Pediatricians are ready and willing to meet the needs of the nation, and the American Academy of Pediatrics stands ready to work with you to move this forward quickly. Please do not hesitate to contact Stephanie Glier, Director, Federal Advocacy, at

Sara H. Goza, MD, FAAP
American Academy of Pediatrics

i Comments by Ambassador Deborah Birx, White House COVID-19 Task Force Coordinator, White House press briefing, April 8. Comments by Administrator Seema Verma, White House press briefing, April 7.

ii The Importance of Early Intervention for Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities and their Families, Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center, July 2011.

iii In 2018, average annual compensation for pediatrics was estimated to be $222,942. 2019 Physician Compensation Report, Doximity, March 2019. The most recent data examining pediatric practice expenses and pediatricians’ compensation found that annual practice expenses were slightly more than 2.6 times annual compensation per FTE physician. Socioeconomic Survey of Pediatric Practices, American Academy of Pediatrics, 2009.

iv This should include pediatric specialtieslisted under taxonomy codes 2080xxxxxx, such as adolescent medicine, obesity medicine, child abuse pediatrics, hospice and palliative medicine, clinical & laboratory immunology, neonatal-perinatal medicine, developmental - behavioral pediatrics, neurodevelopmental disabilities, pediatric allergy/immunology, pediatric cardiology, pediatric critical care medicine, pediatric emergency medicine, pediatric endocrinology, pediatric gastroenterology, pediatric hematology-oncology, pediatric infectious diseases, pediatric nephrology, pediatric pulmonology, pediatric rheumatology, sports medicine, sleep medicine, medical toxicology, pediatric transplant hepatology.

Other pediatric specialtiesshould also be included, including but not limited to anesthesiology and pain medicine, child and adolescent psychiatry, dermatology, neurology, neurological surgery, ophthalmology, orthopedics, otolaryngology, plastic surgery, radiology, surgery, and urology.


If there ever was a compelling argument that AAP is advocating for Pediatricians and practice in addition to children , this is it!
I am delighted !


Yes this is indeed exciting news. I am surprised an advocacy group for pediatricians like the AAP is coming late to the party. What were they doing all along? They are much more prompt when asking for dues from members.

The AAP has been doing QUITE A BIT, actually.

This was 2 weeks ago (Small Business Guidance for Pediatric Practices).

This (Critical Updates on COVID-19 - perhaps the best central site for all things COVID).

This was about 12 days ago (AAP Guidance: Telehealth Payer Policy in Response to COVID-19).

And THIS was just a couple of days ago (where the AAP effectively demands $50K for every pediatrician in the country from HHS).

None of this is to mention all of the work being done on the chapter level in every state.

I’ve seen and heard more stories about the impact of COVID on pediatric practices than any other specialty out there (NYTimes, Washington Post, NPR, etc.).

The AAP is kicking butt right now, imo. That guidance and those positions above are absolutely changing the direction of healthcare in this country.


Well said. I couldn’t agree more and advocacy efforts are still in progress!

@Chip I hear you. They may be kicking butt right now, possibly. How I wish you were running the AAP…at least the organization would have been kicking butt much sooner than now. Look at how much you have done for us since this disaster started. AAP did not step up when they should have. They waited too long. It may be organizational or systemic. Just is not ideal. This is not how they should deal with an emergency that could put 30% or more of it’s membership out of business. While I understand that they have priorities, what would we have done without all this help that you and @Paulie and all your other speakers have been providing for the last 6 weeks or more?

I hear you, @Realtimeclinics, but I feel a little different about it. Paulie and I are on the outside of the AAP, we can never really be part of it. That gives us a flexibility and agility they can never have. It’s really a matter of organizational science - I think it’s impossible to be the AAP they are (which has to address the entire BREADTH of pediatric issues) and the resource that independent pediatricians need at the same time. I think this is an issue in any large human organization - from public schooling to private colleges to religious institutions to unions to Facebook :slight_smile:

One place where I really differ with many AAP members is on the nature of the AAP’s mission. Many pediatricians are upset that the AAP puts the needs of children ahead of the needs of their members. They think it’s a weakness. I think it’s the AAP’s fundamental strength and I’d hate to see them give it up. It certainly lends credibility to Dr. Goza’s letter to the feds. When the pediatricians ask for money, it means they need the money to care for kids.

My hope when the dust settles on COVID is that we, a country, revisit some of our priorities. COVID isn’t going to “fix” our problems with consumption, commercialism, and anti-intellectualism/science, but maybe it will make them just a little bit better.


I agree with you Chip. You and Paulie have been an amazing resource for Pediatricians around the country, but Dr Goza (who is also a private practice Pediatrician) gets what we are going through. She is fighting for US so that we can take care of the kids. The Advocacy coming from the AAP is making a difference, and I too hope that our society looks at Health care professionals and especially Pediatricians differently and will VALUE our contribution to the health and wellness of our Nation’s children. And pay us what we are worth!!


I think this is the best example of the AAP stepping up for pediatricians ever. Not only are they making a direct forceful statement that pediatric practices need help, they are are doing it understanding that ALL pediatricians need help, regardless of payor mix, geography, etc…

In addition, we are using Dr Goza’s statement in advocacy with our state legislature, state medical society, state government and state department of insurance in order to achieve state level success in helping pediatric practices to survive and thrive. The information that has been coming from Dr Goza and AAP has been invaluable in moving the needle and putting the needs of pediatric practices at the forefront of the thought processes of these institutions.

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